Before cats were divided into different races, there were always cats with long hair in different regions of the world. These were known as Angora or Persian cats. The zoologist and biologist Prof. Dr. Friedrich Schwangart created in Germany for these "Angora" the first standards. Prof. Schwangart faced the so-called short-nose high bred persian with another breed, a race with original type, also with a wide and short face, but a sloped forehead and long straight or gently curved nose.
The written history of the German Longhair began in 1929 when Prof. Dr. Schwangart described it as an easy-care alternative for the British Persian cat. He created a rating guideline which he published in his essay on "Stammesgeschichte, Rassenkunde und Zuchtsystem der Hauskatzen" (1929) and in his last work "Übersicht und Beschreibung der Hauskatzenrassen" (1954). These two books along with today's breed standard of the German Longhair, provided a basis for further breeding steps. Because of his work Prof. Dr. Schwangart managed to present the German Longhair at the Berlin exhibition of the "Bund für Katzenzucht und Katzenschutz" for the first time in 1930 to the public.
Only two years later, "Fuchs von der Rheinburg", which was at that time owned by Dr. Heine from Leipzig, was the national winner of the national recognition exhibition and attracted for the first time a great reputation to himself and his race.
With his developed standard from 1929 Schwangart divided the longhaired cats into two classes in his book "Stammesgeschichte, Rassenkunde und Zuchtsystem der Hauskatze":
"For all longhair apply:
stocky body, short sturdy legs, broad head with relatively short, broad material escapes snout part; modest small ears, fairly short, well-worn trail, very long hair, not "half angora".
No longhaired slender cat., narrow face devalued.
Longhair class (and race):
- 1st Persians.
Thicker "rounded head". Forehead curved forewards, steeply falling to the broad, short ridge of the nose, thus a like “grimly” facial expression. More woolly hair than other longhair breeds. Good developed ruff. In size to breed.
- 2nd German Longhair.
Sloping forehead, not yet driven bulges in the nose or overflowing move in with him leading over very small increments. Nose straight, straight or slightly hooky. Figure may slightly less compact, the movement of liquid manner than with the Persians, the tail a little longer.
In both races, Persian and German Longhair, the same colour and pattern groups. "
However, it became very quiet around the breeding during the Naziregime, and especially in the Second World War in Germany the breeding project came within a few years almost to a standstill. But that should still not mean the end of this wonderful breed - one cattery shouldered the responsibility of the German Longhair and Mrs. R. Aschemeier began in 1968 again with the breeding. She choosed appropriate mates for the last original animals to fulfill Schwangart´s standard. With flying colours she raised such quality representatives of the German Longhair and has been appreciated for her achievements in the literature.
In the following period, there have been sporadic attempts to revitalise the German Longhair on a wider base, but they often failed because of the associated high effort. But the German Longhair got not completely lost beside of the animals which Mrs. Aschemeier bred. Many animals of the breed went into the development of other popular breeds such as Persians and many forest cat breeds.
In 2000 further breeding efforts began under the name German Angora. In 2005 a club specially for the conservation breeding was founded to breed the race officially. In 2006 the 1. GACC joined the WCF.
2007 differences in relation to the breeding goal resulted in the separation of most of the breeders and the WCF from the 1. GACC.
The board of the club decided henceforth to cultivate a self-created race and to register a trademark for the name "German Angora". The split-off members of the 1.GACC joined the Deutsche Edelkatze e.V. after consultation with the WCF and continued the breeding work under the new "old" name German Longhair.
Basis for the breeding are suitable foundation animals, matching the standard of Schwangart’s German Longhair to a large extent. Even European shorthair as originating race was taken in the breeding program in order to widen the gene pool.
In 2006 the WCF agreed to a interim standard of the German Longhair, at that time still under the name GA.
In early 2008 there was again a revision in which the standard was edited in detail.
In April 2009 Mrs. Aschemeier gave five of her sheltered breeding cats in the conservation breeding project so that the heritage maintained for decades could flow in the current breeding effort.
2010 was the first time the German Longhair applied for an international recognition. Unfortunately, the German Longhair as own breed find no favour with the judges. The breeders was therefore submitted to the standards of the Traditional Longhair, which gained recognition for the 1/1/2011, as the name suggests, than a traditional longhaired cat to be recognized. To make it clear that it is still dealing with the German Longhair, the breed name "Traditional Longhair" is attached with the second name "German longhair".
The breeder of this webpage have decided to use this new way to walk beside some known allbreedjudges and we hope to make the breed at last a little more into public view. We will still continue to hold close to our targets - to breed the race close-by standard of Schwangart - and although there are some critics.
How do we today know that it isn’t the right way?